The Island of Hawaii, United States of America, was affected

Dengue and severe dengue

moncler outlet Dengue is a mosquito borne viral disease that has rapidly spread in all regions of WHO in recent years. Dengue virus is transmitted by female mosquitoes mainly of the species Aedes aegypti and, to a lesser extent, moncler saldi outlet Ae. albopictus. This mosquito also transmits moncler outlet online uomo chikungunya, yellow fever and Zika infection. Dengue is widespread throughout the tropics, with local variations in risk influenced by rainfall, temperature and unplanned rapid urbanization. moncler outlet

moncler saldi outlet Severe dengue (also known as Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever) was first recognized in the 1950s during dengue epidemics in the Philippines and Thailand. Today, severe dengue affects most Asian and Latin American countries and moncler outlet serravalle has become a leading cause of hospitalization and death among children and adults in these regions. moncler saldi outlet

moncler outlet online shop There are 4 distinct, but closely related, serotypes of the virus that cause dengue (DEN 1, DEN 2, DEN 3 and DEN 4). Recovery from infection by one provides lifelong immunity against that particular serotype. However, cross immunity to the other serotypes after recovery is only partial and temporary. Subsequent infections by other serotypes increase the risk of developing severe dengue. moncler outlet online shop

piumini moncler scontatissimi The incidence of dengue has grown dramatically around the world in recent decades. The actual numbers of dengue cases are underreported and many cases are misclassified. One recent estimate indicates 390 million dengue infections per year (95% credible interval 284 million), of which 96 million (67 million) manifest clinically (with any severity of disease).1 Another study, of the prevalence of dengue, estimates that 3.9 billion people, in 128 countries, are at risk of infection with dengue viruses.2 piumini moncler scontatissimi

Member States in 3 WHO regions regularly report the annual number of cases. The number of cases reported increased from 2.2 million in 2010 to 3.2 million in 2015. Although the full global burden of the disease is uncertain, the initiation of activities to record all dengue cases partly explains the sharp increase in the number of cases reported in recent years.

moncler bambino saldi Other features of the disease include its moncler outlet trebaseleghe epidemiological patterns, including hyper endemicity of multiple dengue virus serotypes in many countries and the alarming impact on both human health and the global and national economies. moncler bambino saldi

moncler outlet serravalle Before 1970, only 9 countries had experienced severe dengue epidemics. The disease is now endemic in more than 100 countries moncler uomo in the WHO regions of Africa, the moncler saldi uomo Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, South East Asia and the Western Pacific. The America, South East Asia and Western Pacific regions are the most seriously affected. moncler outlet serravalle

piumini moncler Cases across the Americas, South piumini moncler uomo East Asia and Western Pacific exceeded 1.2 million in 2008 and over 3.2 million in 2015 (based on official data submitted by Member States). Recently the number of reported cases has continued to increase. In 2015, 2.35 million cases of dengue were reported in the Americas alone, of which 10 200 cases were diagnosed as severe dengue causing 1181 deaths. piumini moncler

Not only is the number of cases increasing as the disease spreads to new areas, but explosive outbreaks are occurring. The threat of a possible outbreak of dengue fever now exists in Europe as local transmission was reported for the first time in France and Croatia in 2010 and piumini moncler outlet imported cases were detected in 3 other European countries. In 2012, an outbreak of dengue on the Madeira islands of moncler donna Portugal resulted in over 2 000 cases and imported cases were detected in mainland Portugal and 10 other countries in Europe. Among travellers returning from low and middle income countries, dengue is the second most diagnosed cause of fever after malaria.

piumini moncler outlet In 2013, cases have occurred in Florida (United States of America) and Yunnan province of China. Dengue also continues to affect several South American countries, notably Costa Rica, Honduras and Mexico. In Asia, piumini moncler Singapore has reported an increase in cases after a lapse of several years and outbreaks have also been reported in Laos. In 2014, trends indicate increases in the number of cases in the People’s Republic of China, the Cook Islands, Fiji, Malaysia and Vanuatu, with Dengue Type 3 (DEN 3) affecting the Pacific Island countries after a lapse of over 10 years. Dengue was moncler bambino outlet also reported in Japan after a lapse of over 70 years. piumini moncler outlet

moncler saldi uomo In 2015, Delhi, India, recorded its worst outbreak since 2006 with moncler outlet over 15 000 cases. The Island of Hawaii, United States of America, was affected by an outbreak with 181 cases reported in 2015 and ongoing transmission in 2016. The Pacific island countries of Fiji, Tonga and French Polynesia have continued to record cases. moncler saldi uomo

moncler outlet trebaseleghe The year 2016 was characterized by large dengue outbreaks worldwide. The Region of the Americas region reported more than 2.38 million cases in 2016, where Brazil alone contributed slightly less than 1.5 million cases, approximately 3 times higher than in 2014. 1032 dengue deaths were also reported in the region. moncler bambino saldi The Western Pacific Region reported more than 375 000 suspected cases of dengue in 2016, of which the Philippines reported 176 411 and Malaysia 100 028 cases, representing a similar burden to the previous year for both countries. The Solomon Islands declared an outbreak with more than 7000 suspected. In the African Region, Burkina Faso reported a localized outbreak of dengue with 1061 probable piumini moncler scontatissimi cases. moncler outlet trebaseleghe

piumini moncler uomo In 2017 (as of Epidemiological Week 11), the Region of Americas have reported 50 172 cases of dengue fever, a reduction as compared with corresponding periods in previous years. The Western Pacific Region has reported dengue outbreaks in several Member States in the Pacific, as well as the circulation of DENV 1 and DENV 2 serotypes. piumini moncler uomo

moncler bambino outlet Number of Reported Cases of Dengue and Severe Dengue (SD) in the Americas, Epidemiological Week 11 (2017) moncler bambino outlet

moncler saldi The Aedes aegypti from this source moncler outlet mosquito is the primary vector of dengue. The virus is transmitted to humans through the bites of infected female mosquitoes. After virus incubation for 4 days, an infected mosquito is capable moncler outlet online shop of transmitting the virus for the rest of its life. moncler saldi

piumini moncler saldi Infected symptomatic or asymptomatic humans are the main carriers and multipliers of the virus, serving as a outlet moncler source of the virus for uninfected mosquitoes. Patients who are already infected with the dengue virus can transmit the infection (for 4 days; maximum 12) via Aedes mosquitoes after their first symptoms appear. piumini moncler saldi

moncler outlet online uomo The Aedes aegypti mosquito lives in urban habitats and breeds mostly in man made containers. Unlike other mosquitoes Ae. aegypti is a day time feeder; its peak biting periods are early in the morning and in the evening before dusk. Female Ae. aegypti bites multiple people during each feeding period. lucky bamboo). Ae. albopictus is highly adaptive and, therefore, can survive in cooler temperate regions of Europe. Its spread is due to its tolerance to temperatures below freezing, hibernation, and ability to shelter in microhabitats. moncler outlet online uomo

moncler uomo Dengue fever is a severe, flu like illness that affects infants, young children and adults, but seldom causes death. moncler uomo

outlet moncler Dengue should be suspected when a high fever (40 is accompanied by 2 of the following symptoms: severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pains, nausea, vomiting, swollen glands or rash. Symptoms usually last for 2 days, after an incubation period of 4 days after the bite from an infected mosquito. outlet moncler

moncler donna Severe dengue is a potentially deadly complication due to plasma leaking, fluid accumulation, respiratory distress, severe bleeding, or organ impairment. Warning signs occur 3 days after the first symptoms in conjunction with a decrease in temperature (below 38 and include: severe abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, rapid breathing, bleeding gums, fatigue, restlessness and blood in vomit. The next 24 hours of the critical stage can be lethal; piumini moncler saldi proper medical care is moncler saldi needed to avoid complications and risk of death moncler donna.

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